Culture Collections

Bacteria and Mycoplasmas detail

Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety

Bacteria Collection: Chromobacterium violaceum

NCTC Number: NCTC 9757
Current Name: Chromobacterium violaceum
Original Strain Reference: Mentekab
Other Collection No: ATCC 12472; CN 5665; DSM 30191; IFO 12614; MENTEKAB; MK; NCIB 9131; NCIB 9131; SNEATH MK
Previous Catalogue Name: Chromobacterium violaceum
Type Strain: Yes
Family: Neisseriaceae
Hazard Group (ACDP): 2
Release Restrictions: Terms & Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety
Conditions for growth on solid media: Columbia blood agar, 24-48 hours, 37°C, aerobic
Conditions for growth on liquid media: nutrient broth,37, aerobic
Isolated From: freshwater
Whole Genome Sequence:
Annotated Genome:
16S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|AF311985|DSM 30191T|DGGE-1|Uncultured beta proteobacterium isolate DGGE-1 16S ribosomal RNAgene, partial sequence.| cctgatccagccatt... >gb|AJ247211|DSM 30191|Chromobacterium violaceum 16S rRNA gene, partial.| catgcaagtcgaacg...
23S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|AF124618|DSM 30191|Chromobacterium violaceum strain DSM 30191 23S ribosomal RNA gene,partial sequence.| cgtacttttgtgtag...
Bibliography: SNEATH P H A ET AL 1953 LANCET 2 276;SNEATH P H A 1956 J GEN MICROBIOL 15
Extended Bibliography: showhide Show bibliography
Ref #: 12052
Author(s): La Scola,B.;Barrassi,L.;Raoult,D.
Journal: FEMS Microbiol Ecol
Title: Isolation of new fastidious alpha Proteobacteria and Afipia felis from hospital water supplies by direct plating and amoebal co-culture procedures
Volume: 34
Page(s): 129-137
Year: 2000
Remarks: As water is a source of nosocomial infections in hospitals, the presence of fastidious Gram-negative bacteria in water samples taken in a university hospital was investigated. Water samples were inoculated onto agar plates and into amoebal microplates for co-culture. Sixty-eight alpha proteobacteria isolates were obtained and characterized using phenotypic methods and 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison. The latter approach divided the strains into seven clusters. Of these, one corresponded to previously recognized Afipia felis and it is likely that six were closely related new species. As these bacteria are fastidious and can not be cultivated on standard microbiological media, their possible role in hospital-acquired human infections should be investigated.
URL: 0
Ref #: 1300
Author(s): Skerman,V.B.D.;McGowan,V.;Sneath,P.H.A.(ed)
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Approved Lists of Bacterial Names.
Volume: 30
Page(s): 225-420
Year: 1980
Ref #: 1734
Author(s): DeSmedt,J.;Bauwens,M.;Tytgat,R.;DeLey,J.
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Intra- and intergeneric similarities of ribosomal ribonucleic acid cistrons of free living, nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
Volume: 30
Page(s): 106-122
Year: 1980
Ref #: 1738
Author(s): Randl,C.L.;Albro,P.W.;Dittner,J.C.
Journal: Biochim. Biophys. Acta
Title: The phosphoglyceride composition of Gram-negative bacteria and the changes in compositon during growth.
Volume: 187
Page(s): 214-220
Year: 1969
Ref #: 1739
Author(s): Heberlein,G.T.;DeLey,J.;Tijtgat,R.
Journal: J. Bacteriol.
Title: Deoxyribonucleic acid homology and taxonomy of Agrobacterium, Rhizobium and Chromobacterium.
Volume: 94
Page(s): 116-124
Year: 1967
Ref #: 1740
Author(s): Efthimion,M.H.;Corpe,W.A.
Journal: Appl. Microbiol.
Title: Effect of cold temperatures on the viability of Chromobacterium violaceum.
Volume: 17
Page(s): 169-175
Year: 1969
Ref #: 2358
Author(s): Roberts,R.J.
Journal: Nucl. Acids Res.
Title: Restriction and modification enzymes and their recognition sequences.
Volume: 13,
Page(s): r165-r200
Year: 1985
Ref #: 4336
Author(s): Steinbüchel,A.;Malik,K.A.;Jendrossek,D.
Title: PHB and other polyhydroxyalkanoic acids as a basis for biodegradable plastics.
Ref #: 4899
Author(s): Dewhirst,F.E.;Paster,B.J.;Bright,P.L.
Journal: Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.
Title: Chromobacterium, Eikenella, Kingella, Neisseria, Simonsiella, and Vitreoscilla species comprise a major branch of the beta group Proteobacteria by 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid sequence comparison: transfer of Eikenella and Simonsiella to the family Nei
Volume: 39
Page(s): 258-266
Year: 1989
Ref #: 5213
Author(s): Blinov,N.O.;Khoklov,A.S.;
Journal: Jena Intern. Symp. Tax.
Title: Pigments and taxonomy of actinomycetales. In: Prauser, H.(Ed.): The Actinomycetales.
Page(s): 145-154
Year: 1968
Ref #: 851
Author(s): Kimmel,K.E.;Maier,S.
Journal: Can. J. Microbiol.
Title: Effect of cultural conditions on the synthesis of violacein in mesophilic and psychrophilic strains of Chromobacterium.
Volume: 15
Page(s): 111-116
Year: 1969
Ref #: 853
Author(s): Sneath,P.H.A.
Journal: J. Gen. Microbiol.
Title: Cultural and biochemical characteristics of the genus Chromobacterium.
Volume: 15
Page(s): 70-98
Year: 1956
Data: (Sneath MK, ATCC 12472, NCIB 9131, CN 5665) Type strain / P. H. A. Sneath, NIMR in 1956 / Fresh water, Mentekab, Malaya in 1952 / Sneath, P. H. A. et al. (1953) Lancet, ii, 276 / Davies, D. A. L. (1955) Biochem. J. 59, 696 / Sneath, P. H. A. (1956) J. gen. Microbiol. 15, 70 / Judicial Commission (1958) Int. Bull. bact. Nomencl. Taxon. 8, 151
Accession Date: 01/01/1956
Authority: Bergonzini 1881
Depositor: SNEATH P H A
Taxonomy: TaxLink: S793 (Chromobacterium violaceum Bergonzini 1881) - Date of change: 5/02/2003
Biosafety Responsibility: It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country

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The Culture Collections hold cell cultures, bacteria, fungi and virus strains from worldwide sources. Our scientists ensure that the identification of the cultures is correct and they remain unchanged from when they are first deposited with the Collection. Nevertheless, some of the data we provide about the cultures is supplied by the person depositing the strains and, although we have multiple checking procedures in place, we cannot always verify all their data. Please note that the Culture Collections cannot be held responsible for any inaccuracies in the data provided by the depositors.

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