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Bacteria Collection: Micrococcus lylae

NCTC Number: NCTC 11037
Current Name: Micrococcus lylae
Original Strain Reference: CCM 2693
Other Collection No: ATCC 27566; CCM 2693; DSM 20315
Previous Catalogue Name: Micrococcus lylae
Type Strain: Yes
Family: Micrococcaceae
Hazard Group (ACDP): 2
Release Restrictions: Terms & Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety
Conditions for growth on solid media: Nutrient agar, 24-48 hours, 37°C, aerobic
Conditions for growth on liquid media: nutrient broth,37, aerobic
Isolated From: human, skin
Whole Genome Sequence: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/ERS1497479
16S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|X80750|DSM 20315|M.lylae 16S rDNA.| gatcctggctcagga...
Bibliography: KLOOS W E ET AL 1974 INT J SYST BACT 24 79
Extended Bibliography: showhide Show bibliography
Ref #: 95505
Author(s): van Waasbergen,L.G.;Balkwill,D.L.;Crocker,F.H.;Bjornstad,B.N.;Miller,R.V.
Journal: Appl Environ Microbiol
Title: Genetic diversity among Arthrobacter species collected across a heterogeneous series of terrestrial deep-subsurface sediments as determined on the basis of 16S rRNA and recA gene sequences
Volume: 66
Page(s): 3454-63
Year: 2001
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AF197020 GENBANK/AF197021 GENBANK/AF197022 GENBANK/AF197023 Arthrobacter/genetics/*isolation & purification DNA, Bacterial/genetics Genes, Bacterial *Genes, rRNA Geologic Sediments/*microbiology Molecular Sequence Data Phylogeny RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/*genetics Rec A Recombinases/*genetics Sequence Analysis, DNA *Variation (Genetics)
Remarks: This study was undertaken in an effort to understand how the population structure of bacteria within terrestrial deep-subsurface environments correlates with the physical and chemical structure of their environment. Phylogenetic analysis was performed on strains of Arthrobacter that were collected from various depths, which included a number of different sedimentary units from the Yakima Barricade borehole at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford site, Washington, in August 1992. At the same time that bacteria were isolated, detailed information on the physical, chemical, and microbiological characteristics of the sediments was collected. Phylogenetic trees were prepared from the 39 deep-subsurface Arthrobacter isolates (as well as 17 related type strains) based on 16S rRNA and recA gene sequences. Analyses based on each gene independently were in general agreement. These analyses showed that, for all but one of the strata (sedimentary layers characterized by their own unifying lithologic composition), the deep-subsurface isolates from the same stratum are largely monophyletic. Notably, the layers for which this is true were composed of impermeable sediments. This suggests that the populations within each of these strata have remained isolated under constant, uniform conditions, which have selected for a particular dominant genotype in each stratum. Conversely, the few strains isolated from a gravel-rich layer appeared along several lineages. This suggests that the higher-permeability gravel decreases the degree of isolation of this population (through greater groundwater flow), creating fluctuations in environmental conditions or allowing migration, such that a dominant population has not been established. No correlation was seen between the relationship of the strains and any particular chemical or physical characteristics of the sediments. Thus, this work suggests that within sedimentary deep-subsurface environments, permeability of the deposits plays a major role in determining the genetic structure of resident bacterial populations.
URL: 10919806
Ref #: 12150
Author(s): van Waasbergen,L.G.;Balkwill,D.L.;Crocker,F.H.;Bjornstad,B.N.;Miller,R.V.
Journal: Appl Environ Microbiol
Title: Genetic diversity among Arthrobacter species collected across a heterogeneous series of terrestrial deep-subsurface sediments as determined on the basis of 16S rRNA and recA gene sequences
Volume: 66
Page(s): 3454-63
Year: 2001
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AF197020 GENBANK/AF197021 GENBANK/AF197022 GENBANK/AF197023 Arthrobacter/genetics/*isolation & purification DNA, Bacterial/genetics Genes, Bacterial *Genes, rRNA Geologic Sediments/*microbiology Molecular Sequence Data Phylogeny RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/*genetics Rec A Protein/*genetics Sequence Analysis, DNA Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. *Variation (Genetics)
Remarks: This study was undertaken in an effort to understand how the population structure of bacteria within terrestrial deep-subsurface environments correlates with the physical and chemical structure of their environment. Phylogenetic analysis was performed on strains of Arthrobacter that were collected from various depths, which included a number of different sedimentary units from the Yakima Barricade borehole at the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford site, Washington, in August 1992. At the same time that bacteria were isolated, detailed information on the physical, chemical, and microbiological characteristics of the sediments was collected. Phylogenetic trees were prepared from the 39 deep-subsurface Arthrobacter isolates (as well as 17 related type strains) based on 16S rRNA and recA gene sequences. Analyses based on each gene independently were in general agreement. These analyses showed that, for all but one of the strata (sedimentary layers characterized by their own unifying lithologic composition), the deep-subsurface isolates from the same stratum are largely monophyletic. Notably, the layers for which this is true were composed of impermeable sediments. This suggests that the populations within each of these strata have remained isolated under constant, uniform conditions, which have selected for a particular dominant genotype in each stratum. Conversely, the few strains isolated from a gravel-rich layer appeared along several lineages. This suggests that the higher-permeability gravel decreases the degree of isolation of this population (through greater groundwater flow), creating fluctuations in environmental conditions or allowing migration, such that a dominant population has not been established. No correlation was seen between the relationship of the strains and any particular chemical or physical characteristics of the sediments. Thus, this work suggests that within sedimentary deep-subsurface environments, permeability of the deposits plays a major role in determining the genetic structure of resident bacterial populations.
URL: 20378653
Data: (ATCC 27566, DSM 20315) Type strain / CCM, Czechoslovakia in 1976 / W. E. Kloos / Human skin / Kloos, W. E. et al. (1974) Int. J. syst. Bact. 24, 79
Accession Date: 01/01/1976
Authority: Kloos et al. 1974 (AL)
Depositor: KLOOS W E
Taxonomy: TaxLink: S1861 (Micrococcus lylae Kloos et al. 1974 emend. Wieser et al. 2002) - Date of change: 5/02/2003
Biosafety Responsibility: It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country

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The Culture Collections hold cell cultures, bacteria, fungi and virus strains from worldwide sources. Our scientists ensure that the identification of the cultures is correct and they remain unchanged from when they are first deposited with the Collection. Nevertheless, some of the data we provide about the cultures is supplied by the person depositing the strains and, although we have multiple checking procedures in place, we cannot always verify all their data. Please note that the Culture Collections cannot be held responsible for any inaccuracies in the data provided by the depositors.

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