Culture Collections

Bacteria and Mycoplasmas detail

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Bacteria Collection: Clostridium scatologenes

NCTC Number: NCTC 12992
Current Name: Clostridium scatologenes
Other Collection No: ATCC 25775; DSM 757; JCM 1414; NCIB 8855
Type Strain: Yes
Family: Clostridiaceae
Hazard Group (ACDP): 2
Release Restrictions: Terms & Conditions of Supply of Microbial Pathogens: Safety
16S rRNA Gene Sequence: >gb|DQ911270|DSM 757|Clostridium scatologenes strain DSM 757 16S ribosomal RNA gene,partial sequence.| gggtgagtaacacgt... >gb|M59104|ATCC 25775|Clostridium scatologenes strain ATCC 25775 16S ribosomal RNA gene,complete sequence.| ttaaattgagagttt...
Extended Bibliography: showhide Show bibliography
Ref #: 36171
Author(s): Liou,J.S.;Balkwill,D.L.;Drake,G.R.;Tanner,R.S.
Journal: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
Title: Clostridium carboxidivorans sp. nov., a solvent-producing clostridium isolated from an agricultural settling lagoon, and reclassification of the acetogen Clostridium scatologenes strain SL1 as Clostridium drakei sp. nov
Volume: 55
Page(s): 2085-91
Year: 2005
Keyword(s): GENBANK/AY170379 Acetic Acid/*metabolism *Agriculture Bacterial Typing Techniques Carbon Monoxide/*metabolism Clostridium/*classification/genetics/growth & development/isolation & purification DNA, Bacterial/analysis DNA, Ribosomal/analysis Genes, rRNA Geologic Sediments/*microbiology Molecular Sequence Data Nucleic Acid Hybridization Phylogeny RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics Sequence Analysis, DNA Solvents/*metabolism *Water Microbiology
Remarks: A novel solvent-producing, anaerobic clostridium, strain P7(T), was isolated from sediment from an agricultural settling lagoon after enrichment with CO as the substrate. The metabolism of this Gram-positive, motile, spore-forming rod was primarily acetogenic. Acetate, ethanol, butyrate and butanol were the end-products of metabolism. Strain P7(T) grew on CO, H(2)/CO(2), glucose, galactose, fructose, xylose, mannose, cellobiose, trehalose, cellulose, starch, pectin, citrate, glycerol, ethanol, propanol, 2-propanol, butanol, glutamate, aspartate, alanine, histidine, asparagine, serine, betaine, choline and syringate as sole substrates. Growth was not supported by methanol, formate, D-arabinose, fucose, lactose, melibiose, amygdalin, gluconate, lactate, malate, arginine, glutamine or vanillate. Nitrate reduction, production of indole, gelatin hydrolysis and aesculin hydrolysis were not observed. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the isolate showed that it was closely related to Clostridium scatologenes ATCC 25775(T) (99.7% sequence similarity) and clostridial strain SL1(T) (99.8% sequence similarity). Strain SL1 had been classified as a strain of C. scatologenes. However, DNA-DNA reassociation analysis showed that both strain P7(T) and strain SL1 represented novel clostridial species. It is proposed that strain P7(T) (=ATCC BAA-624(T)=DSM 15243(T)) be classified as the type strain of Clostridium carboxidivorans sp. nov. and that strain SL1(T) (=ATCC BAA-623(T)=DSM 12750(T)) be reclassified as the type strain of Clostridium drakei sp. nov.
URL: 16166714
Accession Date: 14/06/2007
Taxonomy: TaxLink: S900 (Clostridium scatologenes (weinberg and ginsbourg 1927) prevot 1948) - Date of change: 31/05/2007
Biosafety Responsibility: It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that their facilities comply with biosafety regulations for their own country

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The Culture Collections hold cell cultures, bacteria, fungi and virus strains from worldwide sources. Our scientists ensure that the identification of the cultures is correct and they remain unchanged from when they are first deposited with the Collection. Nevertheless, some of the data we provide about the cultures is supplied by the person depositing the strains and, although we have multiple checking procedures in place, we cannot always verify all their data. Please note that the Culture Collections cannot be held responsible for any inaccuracies in the data provided by the depositors.

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